On the occasion of the Strategic & Economic Dialogue (S&ED) June 6-7, 2016, the United States and China decided to, among other things:
Support denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula: The United States and China condemned North Korea’s January 6, 2016 nuclear test and subsequent launches using ballistic missile technology, and called on North Korea to cease taking actions that contravene its obligations under UN Security Council resolutions and commitments under the September 19, 2005 Joint Statement. The two sides reaffirmed their commitment to implement fully UNSC resolution 2270 and other relevant Security Council resolutions.
Promote implementation of the global climate agreement: Building on over three years of focused climate change cooperation, Secretaries Kerry and Lew and their counterparts convened a Joint Session on Climate Change at which the two sides committed to work together and with others to promote the full implementation of Paris Agreement. The two sides further decided to work to bring the Agreement into force as early as possible. Concurring on the importance of demonstrating leadership in other multilateral fora, the two sides reaffirmed their support for the adoption of an ambitious HFC phasedown amendment under the Montreal protocol and a global market-based measure through ICAO this year. The two sides announced dozens of outcomes strengthening bilateral cooperation to support the achievement of their respective climate and clean energy targets, including the endorsement of over 60 cities of the U.S.-China Climate Leaders Declaration at the U.S.-China Climate-Smart / Low Carbon Cities Summit; and the launch of a new initiative to support increasing utilization and integration of renewable energy in China.
Enhance cooperation on strategic security issues: In order to enhance mutual trust and reduce the risk of misunderstanding on strategic security issues, the two sides decided to work to improve implementation of their Memoranda of Understanding on Confidence Building Measures. In particular, the two sides decided to incorporate exercises related to the Rules of Behavior for Safety of Air and Maritime Encounters in conjunction with agreed upon port visits and coordinate on discussions of additional annexes to the Notification of Major Military Activities MOU, including a mechanism for informing the other party of ballistic missile launches. The United States and China further committed to explore confidence building measures that promote international space security. On cyber issues, the two sides reaffirmed the cyber commitments announced during President Xi’s September 2015 State Visit and continued taking steps to implement them.
Strengthen global health security: The United States and China decided to accelerate cooperation with the African Union and African Union Member States to launch the Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC). The two sides plan to provide support for infrastructure and capacity building to foster the success and sustainability of the Africa CDC and its associated Regional Collaboration Centers. Continuing their cooperation to build public health capacity in West Africa, the two sides plan to explore working with the Government of Sierra Leone to establish a national public health institution supported by China. The two sides intend to continue contributing to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria.
Protect and conserve our ocean: In furtherance of their commitment to protect and conserve the ocean, the United States and China decided to work together and with other governments to complete negotiations of an agreement to prevent unregulated commercial fishing in the central Arctic Ocean. China also decided to conduct a feasibility study on the approval and implementation of the Port State Measures Agreement and to promote the development of effective measures for regional fisheries management organizations to combat illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing. The two sides reaffirmed their support for the proposed marine protected area (MPA) in the Ross Sea of Antarctica and announced plans to pursue two new domestic sister MPA partnerships. To address the growing problem of marine litter, the two sides plan to work on an integrated waste management plan for the cities of Xiamen and Weihai that will reduce land-based sources of marine pollution and can serve as a model for other coastal cities.
Enhance global nuclear security: The United States and China concur on the importance of establishing a global nuclear liability regime and look forward to continuing their exchange on the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage at a workshop later this year in Beijing. The two sides further decided to explore expanding cooperation on countering nuclear smuggling. Consistent with their efforts to ensure Iran’s nuclear program is and remains exclusively peaceful, the two sides called on the E3/EU+3 and Iran to continue implementing their respective commitments in a comprehensive manner pursuant to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
Address growing global humanitarian needs and enhance disaster response capacity: The United States and China decided to increase their support for the Syrian refugees and internally displaced persons via the UN, International Red Cross/Red Crescent, and their affiliated implementing partners, and to continue providing support for Iraqi refugees and internally displaced persons. China highlighted the planned U.S.-hosted Refugee Summit and the UN High-Level Plenary on Addressing Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants at the UN General Assembly as measures that would help address the growing needs of refugees. The two sides further decided to increase resource contributions to countries adversely affected by El Nino, particularly in the Horn of Africa, including via the World Food Programme. The two navies plan to work toward an agreement to conduct substantive exercises in conjunction with agreed upon port visits to cooperate during a natural disaster.
Deepen cooperation on food security and sustainable development: Building on their cooperation on development launched at the 2015 S&ED, the United States and China decided to explore new areas of development cooperation in Afghanistan and trilateral cooperation on food security in Timor Leste and Africa. The two sides further intend to jointly support the objectives of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP). The United States and China intend to expand their future discussions on development to include issues such as the nexus between development assistance and combating climate change.
Combat international bribery and promote responsible mineral supply chain practices: China reaffirmed its commitment to consider joining the OECD Working Group on Bribery (WGB) as a participant in the near future, and the United States welcomed China’s proposal to organize a round table meeting with the OECD WGB later this year on the Anti-Bribery Convention and combating international bribery. Recognizing that transparent mineral supply chain practices promote stability and prosperity in conflict-affected areas such as in the African Great Lakes region, the United States and China intend to collaborate on the implementation of due diligence guidance, relevant standards, and industry initiatives.